MATERI DAN ARTIKEL (Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif)

MATERI DAN ARTIKEL

Kalimat Aktif dan Kalimat Pasif

Kalimat Pasif adalah kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai pekerjaan atau dikenai perbuatan.

Jika kita ingin membuat kalimat pasif dalam simple present tense, kita memerlukan is, am, are.

Ciri-ciri :

  1. Subjeknya sebagai penderita.
  2. Arti dari kata kerjanya berawalan di-, ter-, atau ,ter-kan.
  3. Kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris selalu memakai kata kerja bentuk ke-3/past participle

Pada kalimat aktif, si subjek yang melakukan pekerjaan atau perbuatan, sedangkan pada kalimat pasif si subjek yang dikenai pekerjaan atau perbuatan.

Pada kalimat pasif yang ditekankan adalah pekerjaannya atau perbuatannya/verbnya, dan tidak terlalu penting siapa atau apa yang melakukan perkejaan itu. Kita tidak perlu selalu memakai kata “by…/oleh…” dalam kalimat pasif.

Contoh:

His computer was stolen.

Pada contoh di atas, tidak terdapat kata “by…” dan kalimat pasif tersebut juga benar.

Berikut ini rumus untuk membuat kalimat aktif dan pasif :

Simple Present

S + V1 + O

S + is/am/are + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane sweeps the floor.

Contoh:           The floor is swept by Jane.

Present Continous

S + is/am/are + V-ing + O

S + is/am/are + being + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane is sweeping the floor.

Contoh:           The floor is being swept by Jane.

Present Perfect

S + have/has + V3 + O

S + have/has + been + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane has swept the floor.

Contoh:           The floor has been swept by Jane.

Simple Past

S + V2 + O

S + was/were + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane swept the floor.

Contoh:           The floor was swept by Jane.

Past Continous

S + was/were + V-ing + O

S + was/were + being + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane was sweeping the floor.

Contoh:           The floor was being swept by Jane.

Past Perfect

S + had + V3 + O

S + had + been + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane had swept the floor.

Contoh:           The floor had been swept by Jane.

Future

S + will/(is/am/are+going to) + V1 + O

S + will + be + V3 + by phrase

Contoh:           Jane will sweep the floor.

Jane is going to sweep the floor.

Contoh:           The floor will be swept by Jane.

The floor is going to be swept by Jane.

 

Article English

Rihanna and Madonna Make Costume Changes for the Met Gala After-Parties

After the red carpet, the cocktails, the exhibition and the dinner, the Met Gala splintered into after-parties. It was an opportunity to change outfits. The first stop was the Mark hotel on the Upper East Side, where Michael Kors hosted several hundred, including former Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and Tommy Hilfiger. Katie Holmes arrived at around 11 p.m. after having switched out of her sparkly gown by Zac Posen into yet another princess dress, also by Mr. Posen, who escorted her.

Where and when did she find the time to change? “I won’t tell,” Ms. Holmes said. “Got to keep some mystery.” The outfit swaps can be attributed to two things. First, most dresses worn to the Met Gala are not exactly easy to move around in. Second, in this social media age, designers and celebrities are looking to get as much bang for their buck.

A quick scan of the room revealed numerous outfit changes. Mary-Kate Olsen began the night in a vintage Dior gown, while her sister Ashley wore John Galliano. Both had now abandoned those in favor of outfits that did not have trains and were somewhat less gothic. The model Karen Elson ditched her red tulle Dolce & Gabbana gown with an 18-karat gold filigree bustier in favor of something more basic and black, also by Dolce & Gabbana.

Definitely better for dancing, especially with the R&B singer Miguel about to perform. Meanwhile, another after-party was taking place at Top of the Standard, made famous last year by an elevator feud between Solange and Jay Z. This year’s party (hosted by Yahoo Style, Sarah Jessica Parker and Katy Perry) was a little quieter, though no less star studded.

Reese Witherspoon was by the window in a bright red Jason Wu dress with her “Hot Pursuit” co-star, Sofía Vergara (in Marchesa), and Ms. Vergara’s fiancé, Joe Manganiello.

Across the way were the fashion designer Riccardo Tisci, the music producer Diplo and Madonna. Earlier, Madonna had worn a black floor-length Moschino gown with the name of her album “Rebel Heart” printed across the bottom. But now she wore an ’80s-inspired leather jacket with gold dollar signs across it as waitresses brought around sliders and vodka concoctions.

Solange did not show up this year but was instead spotted dirty dancing at 3 a.m. with her husband, Alan Ferguson, at Up & Down on West 14th Street. The party was hosted by Rihanna, whose trampoline-size yellow dress earlier in the night practically broke the Internet.

For her after-party, Rihanna rolled up to the club in a leave-nothing-to-the-imagination sheer black top. Inside, dancing to a D.J. who calls himself Mazurbate, was a cavalcade of celebrities and designers including Jessica Alba, Justin Bieber, Jennifer Lawrence, Grimes and Francisco Costa of Calvin Klein.

When did you get here, a reporter asked Mr. Costa. “Good question,” he said, having long since lost Lorde, his celebrity bride for the evening. “I don’t even know.”

 

Kalimat Aktif dari Artikel di atas :

  1. The outfit swaps can be attributed to two things
  2. after-party was taking place at Top of the Standard
  3. Madonna had worn a black floor-length

Kalimat Pasif dari Artkel di atas :

  1. Made famous last year by an elevator feud between Solange and Jay Z
  2. Reese Witherspoon was by the window in a bright red Jason
  3. The party was hosted by Rihanna

Sumber :

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/07/style/for-rihanna-and-madonna-costume-changes-for-the-met-gala-after-parties.html?ref=fashion

 By :Winda Hartati Sirumapea

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